Legislation and Appropriations
This briefing book contains legislation, including congressional authorization and appropriation bills, on matters relevant to North Korea.
Resolution introduced the the Senate Foreign Relations Committee by Sen. Corey Gardner (R-CO) urging the administration to impose additional sanctions against North Korea, re-designate the DPRK as a state sponsor of terror, and not to engage in negotiations without specified preconditions being met.
HR 757, the North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act of 2015, was introduced to the House by Rep. Ed Royce on February 5, 2015. It is similar to legislation that passed the House, but not the Senate, in the previous Congress; however, it also contains several new provisions, including ones on cyber security.
This legislation, introduced by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen at the beginning of the 114th Congress, calls for the re-designation of North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism, and would require that North Korea meet a series of benchmarks before the U.S. remove any sanctions or extend diplomatic recognition.
H.R. 1771, introduced in the House by Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce (R-CA) and Ranking Member Eliot Engel (D-NY), expands U.S. financial sanctions on North Korea. It was introduced on April 26, 2013, amended and approved in the House Foreign Relations Committee on May 29, 2014, and passed by a voice vote in the House on July 28, 2014.
A brief summary of the substitute legislation offered by Rep. Ed Royce on HR 1771, the "North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act", prior to markup by the House Foreign Affairs Committee
H. Con. Res. 91, sponsored by Representative Charles Rangel, encouraging North Korea to allow Korean Americans to meet with their divided families in North Korea. Introduced in the House on March 6, 2014.
H.R. 3547, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014, was signed into law on January 17, 2014. The law allocates funds for establishing a database of prisons and gulags in North Korea, for supporting broadcasts into North Korea, and for assistance for refugees from North Korea. It also includes a routine provision prohibiting Defense Department funding from being expended for financial assistance to the government of North Korea, or for State Department funding from being expended to financially assist the governments of Cuba, North Korea, Iran, or Syria.
A bill, introduced by Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, calling for the re-listing of North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism, and prohibiting diplomatic recognition of North Korea or loosening sanctions unless the President can verify, inter alia, that North Korea has dismantled its nuclear program, has ended its illicit international activities, and has opened its prison camps to unrestricted international inspection.
H. Res. 65, introduced by House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce, condemns North Korea's third nuclear test and calls for new US and UN sanctions and financial measures in response to North Korea's provocations and illicit activities. It was passed in the House on a 412-2 vote on February 15, 2013.
Senate bill introduced shortly after North Korea's February 2013 nuclear test, providing a Sense of Congress on issues related to nonproliferation, sanctions, and human rights issues, and requiring the State Department to lead a review of the U.S. government's North Korea policy. The bill was approved by the Senate on February 25, but has since stalled in the House.
S. 10, the Farm Bill introduced in the Senate by Majority Leader Harry Reid, retained language from the Farm Bill passed by the Senate in the previous Congress prohibited food aid to North Korea unless the President submits a waiver certifying that it is in the national interest.
H.R. 1464, the North Korean Child Welfare Act, was signed into law by President Obama on January 14, 2013. The Act is an amended version of the North Korean Refugee Adoption Act of 2011, sponsored by Rep. Edward Royce (R-CA). The Act would require the State Department to periodically brief Congress on efforts to advocate for North Korean children living in other countries who are fleeing persecution or stateless. A previous version of the act is available at http://www.ncnk.org/resources/publications/NK_Refugee_Adoption_Act.pdf/
Provisions of S. 3241, the Senate version of the fiscal year 2013 State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Act, relevant to North Korea. In addition to standard language restricting U.S. aid to North Korea, this bill would call for the State Department to maintain a database of information on North Korean prisons and political prisons, and would allocate about $9 million for broadcasting into North Korea.
Legislation passed by the House of Representatives on May 15, 2012 to reauthorize the 2004 North Korean Human Rights Act, with some annotated changes. The Senate passed the bill without amendment by voice vote on August 2, 2012.
The House version of this proposed legislation includes an amendment which would require the Obama administration to report on the feasibility of deploying tactical nuclear weapons and additional troops to the Western Pacific region, as a response to North Korea's nuclear and missile developments.
On March 20, 2012, Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) introduced a resolution expressing the Sense of Congress that the government of China should stop the forced repatriation of North Korean refugees, and allow the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees access to all North Korean refugees residing in China.
H.R. 1540, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, passed through Conference Committee on December 12, and was signed into law by President Obama on December 31, 2011. This Issue Brief includes all language relevant to the DPRK. For previous versions and the legislative history of this bill, see http://thomas.loc.gov For future versions and the status of this bill, see http://thomas.loc.gov
This document covers language relevant to North Korea policy in House Report 112-284, to accompany H.R. 2112. The Bill language below can be accessed in the Conference Report here. The Report Language can be found in the Congressional Record for November 14, 2011, H7481-7482. As of November 16, 2011, the bill has passed through both houses of Congress and is awaiting the President's signature. Updates on the legislation can be found at http://thomas.loc.gov.
This resolution, introduced by Rep. Charles Rangel on July 27, 2011, calls upon the U.S. government to resume search and recovery operations. The resolution was passed by the House by voice vote on December 13, 2011.
This bill, introduced on April 1, 2011 by Rep. Ros-Lehtinen and 8 co-sponsors, calls on the Secretary of State to re-designate North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism follows, and calls for the continuation of diplomatic non-recognition until 12 listed conditions are met. Additionally, the bill calls for the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations to seek a strong UN response to any North Korean "launch of a missile, rocket or other airborne object."