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A History of KEDO

July 18, 2012

A new policy brief by Charles Kartman, Robert Carlin, and Joel Wit takes an in-depth look at the now-defunct Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO), the organization founded by the United States, South Korea and Japan to implement the 1994 U.S.-DPRK Agreed Framework. "KEDO’s profile on the North Korean landscape was unmistakable, its impact on Pyongyang profound," they write. "Yet, real knowledge and understanding about the organization in public and official circles in South Korea, Japan, and the United States was terribly thin at the beginning, and remains so to this day."

The policy brief is available here. A discussion of KEDO with Amb. Stephen Bosworth, Joel Wit, and Robert Carlin, hosted by 38 North, can also be viewed here