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Legislation and Appropriations

This briefing book contains legislation, including congressional authorization and appropriation bills, on matters relevant to North Korea.

Summary of the Korean Interdiction and Modernization of Sanctions Act

This NCNK summary reviews major provisions of HR 1644, a sanctions bill introduced by Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA).

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H.R. 1644 - Korean Interdiction and Modernization of Sanctions Act

Legislation introduced by Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), which would increase U.S. sanctions against North Korea. (Version as amended for consideration by the House Foreign Affairs Committee.)

Read More…

S.120 - Bring Our Heroes Home Act

The "Bring our Heroes Home Act" was reintroduced to the Senate by Sen. Dean Heller (R-NV). It was first introduced by Sen. Kelly Ayotte in the the 114th Congress; the language remains the same. This Act would create a “Missing Armed Forces Personnel Records Collection” at the National Archives and public disclosure of such records. To this end, the Act also expresses its views that the Secretary of State should contact North Korea to seek disclosure of all records it has related to Missing Armed Forces Personnel.

Read More…

H.Res.92 - Condemning North Korea's development of multiple intercontinental ballistic missiles, and for other purposes

House resolution introduced by Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC), cosponsored by 4 other congress members, and inter alia condemns North Korea's development of multiple ICBMs, urges the prompt deployment of THAAD in South Korea, calls on China to pressure North Korea, and calls on the U.S. to apply all available economic sanctions on North Korea.

Read More…

H.R.479 - North Korea State Sponsor of Terrorism Designation Act of 2017

Legislation introduced on January 12, 2017 by Rep. Ted Poe (R-TX) and cosponsored by Rep. Brad Sherman (D-CA) that calls on the State Department to review whether North Korea meets the criteria for re-designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism.

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H.Con.Res.40 - Divided Families

A joint resolution introduced to the House by Rep. Charles Rangel (D-NY) and passed on November 29, 2016 to encourage North Korea to allow Korean Americans to meet with their families in North Korea.

Read More…

H.R.1475 - Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act

The "Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act" was signed into law by President Obama on October 7, 2016 and introduced and championed by Rep. Sam Johnson (R-TX), with the support of fellow Korean War veterans, Representatives Charles Rangel and John Conyers. The bill would authorize the creation of a Wall of Remembrance to honor members of the U.S. Armed Forces, the ROK Armed Forces, and other nations of the UN Command who died, were wounded, listed as missing in action, or prisoners of war in the Korean War.

Read More…

S.3448 - Bring Our Heroes Home Act of 2016

The “Bring our Heroes Home Act of 2016” was introduced by Sen. Kelly Ayotte (R-NH) and acts to create a “Missing Armed Forces Personnel Records Collection” at the National Archives and public disclosure of such records. To this end, the Act also expresses its views that the Secretary of State should contact North Korea to seek disclosure of all records it has related to Missing Armed Forces Personnel.

Read More…

S.3331 - Burma Strategy Act of 2016

Introduced by Sen. Benjamin Cardin (D-MD), the “Burma Strategy Act of 2016” would authorize assistance to Burma and outlines a principled engagement strategy “for a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic Burma that respects the human rights of all of its people.” This legislation includes a recommended review of whether “completely [ceasing] ties with North Korea” should be included in the criteria for sanctions removal.

Read More…

S.Res.564: Condemning North Korea’s fifth nuclear test on September 9, 2016

A resolution introduced by Sen. Benjamin Cardin, ranking member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, condemning North Korea for its fifth nuclear test and calling on it to abandon its nuclear weapons and missile program immediately. It further calls on China to act on North Korea and calls on the UNSC to adopt additional sanctions measures. It also reaffirms U.S. alliance, defense, and deterrence commitments in the region, including the deployment of THAAD and other missile defense efforts.

Read More…

H.Res.891 - Expressing concern over the disappearance of David Sneddon, and for other purposes.

Resolution introduced by Rep. Chris Stewart (R-UT) and passed by the House of Representatives expressing ongoing concern about the unsolved disappearance of a US citizen in Yunnan, China in 2004, and urging an investigation that includes consideration of the possibility that he was abducted by North Korea. Concurrent resolutions were first introduced to the House (H.Con.Res.114) and Senate (S.Con.Res.30) in early February 2016, but have yet to be passed.

Read More…

H.R.6281 - BANK Act of 2016

The “Block Access to North Korea Act of 2016” or “BANK Act of 2016” was introduced into the House by Rep. Matt Salmon (R-AZ) to hamper North Korea’s nuclear program by blocking North Korea’s access to specialized financial messaging services (re: SWIFT). The Act authorizes the designation of sanctions on persons who provide such services directly or indirectly to the North Korea’s Central Bank, financial institutions that provide financial services for North Korea’s nuclear development, and/or other individuals already sanctioned by the U.S. for assisting North Korea’s nuclear development and proliferation.

Read More…

H.R.5931 - Prohibiting Future Ransom Payments to Iran Act

The “Prohibiting Future Ransom Payments to Iran Act” was introduced into the House by Rep. Edward R. Royce (R-CA), chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. It was passed by House on September 26, 2016 and is currently referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. The Bill prohibits cash payments from the U.S. Government to the Government of Iran and the payment of ransom or release prisoners to secure the release of US citizens taken hostage abroad. An amendment (H.Amdt.1432) was introduced by Rep. Sean Duffy (R-WI) and incorporated, which further prohibits cash and precious metal payments from the U.S. Government to designated state sponsors of terrorism and North Korea.

Read More…

H.R.6209 - To reauthorize the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004, and for other purposes.

Legislation introduced by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) to reauthorize the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 until 2022 (formerly 2017).

Read More…

H.Res.799 - Calling on the United States Government to resume talks with the DPRK regarding the research, investigation, recovery, and identification of missing and unaccounted members of the US Armed Forces

Resolution introduced by Rep. Charles Rangel (D-NY) calling upon the U.S. government to resume talks with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to make substantial progress in the research, investigation, recovery, and identification of missing and unaccounted members of the U.S. Armed Forces from the Korean War.

Read More…

S.Res.190 - A resolution encouraging reunions of Korean Americans who were divided by the Korean War from relatives in North Korea.

Resolution introduced by Senator Mark Kirk (R-IL) encouraging the reunion of Korean Americans and their relatives in North Korea.

Read More…

S. 1635: State Operations Authorization, FY 2016

On April 28, 2016, the Senate unanimously passed a State Department Authorization bill, an important piece of legislation authorizing and providing guidance to U.S. diplomatic activities. As of May 2016, the legislation has not yet been taken up by the House. Sections pertaining to North Korea are excerpted in this document.

Read More…

S. 2657: To require consultations on reuniting Korean Americans with family members in North Korea

Senate bill, introduced by Sen. Mark Kirk (R-IL), requiring that the State Department make efforts related to reuniting Korean-Americans with their family members in North Korea.

Read More…

H.Res. 634, Recognizing the importance of the United States-Republic of Korea-Japan trilateral relationship

Resolution introduced by Rep. Matt Salmon (R-AZ) recognizing the importance of the United States-Republic of Korea-Japan trilateral relationship to counter North Korean threats and nuclear proliferation, and to ensure regional security and human rights. The resolution was passed by the House on September 7, 2016.

Read More…

H.R. 4501, The DPRK Act of 2016

The "Distribution and Promotion of Rights and Knowledge" or DPRK Act of 2016 was introduced into the House by Rep. Matt Salmon, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific. It would amend the North Korean Human Rights Act to authorize further action promoting freedom of information in North Korea.

Read More…

Also in this section

Summary of the Korean Interdiction and Modernization of Sanctions Act
This NCNK summary reviews major provisions of HR 1644, a sanctions bill introduced by Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA).
H.R. 1644 - Korean Interdiction and Modernization of Sanctions Act
Legislation introduced by Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), which would increase U.S. sanctions against North Korea. (Version as amended for consideration by the House Foreign Affairs Committee.)
S.120 - Bring Our Heroes Home Act
The "Bring our Heroes Home Act" was reintroduced to the Senate by Sen. Dean Heller (R-NV). It was first introduced by Sen. Kelly Ayotte in the the 114th Congress; the language remains the same. This Act would create a “Missing Armed Forces Personnel Records Collection” at the National Archives and public disclosure of such records. To this end, the Act also expresses its views that the Secretary of State should contact North Korea to seek disclosure of all records it has related to Missing Armed Forces Personnel.
H.Res.92 - Condemning North Korea's development of multiple intercontinental ballistic missiles, and for other purposes
House resolution introduced by Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC), cosponsored by 4 other congress members, and inter alia condemns North Korea's development of multiple ICBMs, urges the prompt deployment of THAAD in South Korea, calls on China to pressure North Korea, and calls on the U.S. to apply all available economic sanctions on North Korea.
H.R.479 - North Korea State Sponsor of Terrorism Designation Act of 2017
Legislation introduced on January 12, 2017 by Rep. Ted Poe (R-TX) and cosponsored by Rep. Brad Sherman (D-CA) that calls on the State Department to review whether North Korea meets the criteria for re-designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism.
H.Con.Res.40 - Divided Families
A joint resolution introduced to the House by Rep. Charles Rangel (D-NY) and passed on November 29, 2016 to encourage North Korea to allow Korean Americans to meet with their families in North Korea.
H.R.1475 - Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act
The "Korean War Veterans Memorial Wall of Remembrance Act" was signed into law by President Obama on October 7, 2016 and introduced and championed by Rep. Sam Johnson (R-TX), with the support of fellow Korean War veterans, Representatives Charles Rangel and John Conyers. The bill would authorize the creation of a Wall of Remembrance to honor members of the U.S. Armed Forces, the ROK Armed Forces, and other nations of the UN Command who died, were wounded, listed as missing in action, or prisoners of war in the Korean War.
S.3448 - Bring Our Heroes Home Act of 2016
The “Bring our Heroes Home Act of 2016” was introduced by Sen. Kelly Ayotte (R-NH) and acts to create a “Missing Armed Forces Personnel Records Collection” at the National Archives and public disclosure of such records. To this end, the Act also expresses its views that the Secretary of State should contact North Korea to seek disclosure of all records it has related to Missing Armed Forces Personnel.
S.3331 - Burma Strategy Act of 2016
Introduced by Sen. Benjamin Cardin (D-MD), the “Burma Strategy Act of 2016” would authorize assistance to Burma and outlines a principled engagement strategy “for a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic Burma that respects the human rights of all of its people.” This legislation includes a recommended review of whether “completely [ceasing] ties with North Korea” should be included in the criteria for sanctions removal.
S.Res.564: Condemning North Korea’s fifth nuclear test on September 9, 2016
A resolution introduced by Sen. Benjamin Cardin, ranking member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, condemning North Korea for its fifth nuclear test and calling on it to abandon its nuclear weapons and missile program immediately. It further calls on China to act on North Korea and calls on the UNSC to adopt additional sanctions measures. It also reaffirms U.S. alliance, defense, and deterrence commitments in the region, including the deployment of THAAD and other missile defense efforts.
H.Res.891 - Expressing concern over the disappearance of David Sneddon, and for other purposes.
Resolution introduced by Rep. Chris Stewart (R-UT) and passed by the House of Representatives expressing ongoing concern about the unsolved disappearance of a US citizen in Yunnan, China in 2004, and urging an investigation that includes consideration of the possibility that he was abducted by North Korea. Concurrent resolutions were first introduced to the House (H.Con.Res.114) and Senate (S.Con.Res.30) in early February 2016, but have yet to be passed.
H.R.6281 - BANK Act of 2016
The “Block Access to North Korea Act of 2016” or “BANK Act of 2016” was introduced into the House by Rep. Matt Salmon (R-AZ) to hamper North Korea’s nuclear program by blocking North Korea’s access to specialized financial messaging services (re: SWIFT). The Act authorizes the designation of sanctions on persons who provide such services directly or indirectly to the North Korea’s Central Bank, financial institutions that provide financial services for North Korea’s nuclear development, and/or other individuals already sanctioned by the U.S. for assisting North Korea’s nuclear development and proliferation.
H.R.5931 - Prohibiting Future Ransom Payments to Iran Act
The “Prohibiting Future Ransom Payments to Iran Act” was introduced into the House by Rep. Edward R. Royce (R-CA), chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee. It was passed by House on September 26, 2016 and is currently referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. The Bill prohibits cash payments from the U.S. Government to the Government of Iran and the payment of ransom or release prisoners to secure the release of US citizens taken hostage abroad. An amendment (H.Amdt.1432) was introduced by Rep. Sean Duffy (R-WI) and incorporated, which further prohibits cash and precious metal payments from the U.S. Government to designated state sponsors of terrorism and North Korea.
H.R.6209 - To reauthorize the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004, and for other purposes.
Legislation introduced by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) to reauthorize the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 until 2022 (formerly 2017).
H.Res.799 - Calling on the United States Government to resume talks with the DPRK regarding the research, investigation, recovery, and identification of missing and unaccounted members of the US Armed Forces
Resolution introduced by Rep. Charles Rangel (D-NY) calling upon the U.S. government to resume talks with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to make substantial progress in the research, investigation, recovery, and identification of missing and unaccounted members of the U.S. Armed Forces from the Korean War.
S.Res.190 - A resolution encouraging reunions of Korean Americans who were divided by the Korean War from relatives in North Korea.
Resolution introduced by Senator Mark Kirk (R-IL) encouraging the reunion of Korean Americans and their relatives in North Korea.
S. 1635: State Operations Authorization, FY 2016
On April 28, 2016, the Senate unanimously passed a State Department Authorization bill, an important piece of legislation authorizing and providing guidance to U.S. diplomatic activities. As of May 2016, the legislation has not yet been taken up by the House. Sections pertaining to North Korea are excerpted in this document.
S. 2657: To require consultations on reuniting Korean Americans with family members in North Korea
Senate bill, introduced by Sen. Mark Kirk (R-IL), requiring that the State Department make efforts related to reuniting Korean-Americans with their family members in North Korea.
H.Res. 634, Recognizing the importance of the United States-Republic of Korea-Japan trilateral relationship
Resolution introduced by Rep. Matt Salmon (R-AZ) recognizing the importance of the United States-Republic of Korea-Japan trilateral relationship to counter North Korean threats and nuclear proliferation, and to ensure regional security and human rights. The resolution was passed by the House on September 7, 2016.
H.R. 4501, The DPRK Act of 2016
The "Distribution and Promotion of Rights and Knowledge" or DPRK Act of 2016 was introduced into the House by Rep. Matt Salmon, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific. It would amend the North Korean Human Rights Act to authorize further action promoting freedom of information in North Korea.
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