Legislation and Appropriations
This briefing book contains legislation, including congressional authorization and appropriation bills, on matters relevant to North Korea.
On April 28, 2016, the Senate unanimously passed a State Department Authorization bill, an important piece of legislation authorizing and providing guidance to U.S. diplomatic activities. As of May 2016, the legislation has not yet been taken up by the House. Sections pertaining to North Korea are excerpted in this document.
Senate bill, introduced by Sen. Mark Kirk (R-IL), requiring that the State Department make efforts related to reuniting Korean-Americans with their family members in North Korea.
H.Res. 634, Recognizing the importance of the United States-Republic of Korea-Japan trilateral relationship
Resolution introduced by Rep. Matt Salmon (R-AZ) recognizing the importance of the United States-Republic of Korea-Japan trilateral relationship to counter North Korean threats and nuclear proliferation, and to ensure regional security and human rights.
The "Distribution and Promotion of Rights and Knowledge" or DPRK Act of 2016 was introduced into the House by Rep. Matt Salmon, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific. It would amend the North Korean Human Rights Act to authorize further action promoting freedom of information in North Korea.
H.Con.Res 116: Condemning North Korea’s February 6, 2016, long-range rocket launch and North Korea’s February 9, 2016, restart of a plutonium reactor.
Resolution introduced by Rep. Brad Ashford (D-NE).
Final version of HR 757, the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016.
Senate resolution introduced by Sen. Mike Lee (R-UT) expressing concern about the unsolved disappearance of a US citizen in Yunnan, China in 2004, and urging an investigation that includes consideration of the possibility that he was abducted by North Korea. A parallel resolution (H.Con.Res. 114) was introduced in the House by Rep. Chris Stewart (R-UT).
The North Korea and Iran Sanctions Act, introduced to the Senate in February 2016 by Senator John Thune, would provide for immediate reinstatement of U.S. sanctions against Iran if Iran attempts to acquire nuclear weapons technology from North Korea.
This sanctions bill was introduced in the Senate by Senators Cory Gardner, Marco Rubio, and James Risch. It is generally similar to parallel legislation in the House and another Senate bill introduced by Senators Robert Menendez and Lindsay Graham, but with several key differences.
S. 1747, To improve the enforcement of sanctions against the Government of North Korea, and for other purposes.
Legislation introduced by Senator Robert Menendez, and co-sponsored by Senator Lindsay Graham, which would expand the scope of U.S. sanctions on North Korea.
House resolution which encourages North Korea to allow Korean Americans to meet with their family members from North Korea, and calls on North Korea to take concrete steps to build goodwill that is conducive to peace on the Korean Peninsula.
Resolution introduced the the Senate Foreign Relations Committee by Sen. Corey Gardner (R-CO) urging the administration to impose additional sanctions against North Korea, re-designate the DPRK as a state sponsor of terror, and not to engage in negotiations without specified preconditions being met.
This legislation, introduced by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen at the beginning of the 114th Congress, calls for the re-designation of North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism, and would require that North Korea meet a series of benchmarks before the U.S. remove any sanctions or extend diplomatic recognition.
H.R. 1771, introduced in the House by Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce (R-CA) and Ranking Member Eliot Engel (D-NY), expands U.S. financial sanctions on North Korea. It was introduced on April 26, 2013, amended and approved in the House Foreign Relations Committee on May 29, 2014, and passed by a voice vote in the House on July 28, 2014.
A brief summary of the substitute legislation offered by Rep. Ed Royce on HR 1771, the "North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act", prior to markup by the House Foreign Affairs Committee
H. Con. Res. 91, sponsored by Representative Charles Rangel, encouraging North Korea to allow Korean Americans to meet with their divided families in North Korea. Introduced in the House on March 6, 2014.
H.R. 3547, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014, was signed into law on January 17, 2014. The law allocates funds for establishing a database of prisons and gulags in North Korea, for supporting broadcasts into North Korea, and for assistance for refugees from North Korea. It also includes a routine provision prohibiting Defense Department funding from being expended for financial assistance to the government of North Korea, or for State Department funding from being expended to financially assist the governments of Cuba, North Korea, Iran, or Syria.
A bill, introduced by Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, calling for the re-listing of North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism, and prohibiting diplomatic recognition of North Korea or loosening sanctions unless the President can verify, inter alia, that North Korea has dismantled its nuclear program, has ended its illicit international activities, and has opened its prison camps to unrestricted international inspection.
H. Res. 65, introduced by House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce, condemns North Korea's third nuclear test and calls for new US and UN sanctions and financial measures in response to North Korea's provocations and illicit activities. It was passed in the House on a 412-2 vote on February 15, 2013.
Senate bill introduced shortly after North Korea's February 2013 nuclear test, providing a Sense of Congress on issues related to nonproliferation, sanctions, and human rights issues, and requiring the State Department to lead a review of the U.S. government's North Korea policy. The bill was approved by the Senate on February 25, but has since stalled in the House.